Collagen is a type of protein. In fact, it’s the most abundant structural protein in animals. A structural protein is one that makes up the structure or framework of your cells and tissues. There are 28 known types of collagens, with type I collagen accounting for 90% of the collagen in the human body.
Collagen is composed mainly of the amino acids glycine, proline, and hydroxyproline. These amino acids form three strands, which make up the triple-helix structure characteristic of collagen.
Collagen is found in connective tissue, skin, tendons, bones, and cartilage. It provides structural support to tissues and plays important roles in cellular processes such as tissue repair, immune response, cellular communication, and cellular migration, a process necessary for tissue maintenance. Connective tissue cells called fibroblasts produce and maintain collagen. As people grow older, their collagen becomes fragmented, fibroblast function becomes impaired, and collagen production slows.
Your body naturally produces collagen, and you can consume it through dietary sources such as chicken skin and fish skin as well as collagen supplements.
While collagen loss and damage as you age are inevitable, certain dietary and lifestyle factors can accelerate this process. For example, smoking cigarettes, excessive drinking, a diet high in added sugar and ultra-processed foods and excessive sun exposure degrades collagen production, so wearing sunscreen and avoiding excessive sun exposure can help prevent signs of premature skin aging.
Collagen supplements may help promote the health of the skin and skeletal system and many improve symptoms related to osteoarthritis.
We recommend taking two capsules of collagen daily or one teaspoon in a glass of water.